Eastern Visayas also known as Region VIII consists of three main islands, Samar, Leyte and Biliran. The region has six provinces namely, Biliran, Leyte, Northern Samar, Samar, Eastern Samar, Southern Leyte. The highly urbanized city of Tacloban is the sole regional center. These provinces and cities occupy the easternmost islands of the Visayas group of islands.
Eastern Visayas faces the Philippine Sea to the east. As of 2015, the Eastern Visayas region has a population of 4,440,150 inhabitants, making it the third most populous region in the Visayas.
Eastern Visayas is primarily an agricultural region with rice, corn, coconut, sugarcane and banana as its major crops. Primary sources of revenue are manufacturing, wholesale and retail trade and services. Mining, farming, fishing and tourism contribute significantly to the economy. Manufacturing firms include mining companies, fertilizer plants, sugar central, rice and corn mills and other food processing plants. Tacloban is the hub of investment, trade and development in the region.
Other industries include coconut oil extraction, alcohol distilling, beverage manufacture and forest products. Home industries include hat and basket weaving, metal craft, needlecraft, pottery, ceramics, woodcraft, shell craft and bamboo craft.