It is a part of ATI MIMAROPA Website which provides technology in Agricultural Production. It is a compilation of matured and approved technologies in different crops from seed selection up to postharvest and marketing that can help farmers in increasing their production and income. In this part, inspiring testimonies from farmers and different organization in MIMAROPA Region are open for publication. Technologies from other agencies shall be one of its features.
PALAYCHECK SYSTEM for Lowland Irrigated Rice
(Source: PalayCheck System Handbook by PhilRice)
PalayCheck takes off from Australia's Ricecheck system that helped increase rice yield from about 6 tons/ha in 1986 to 9.5 tons/ha in 200. It is a dynamic rice crop management system that presents the best key technology and management practices such as Key Checks; compares farmer practices with the best practices; and learns through farmer's discussion group to sustain improvement in productivity, profitability, and environment safety. PalayCheck is simply "learning, checking, and sharing for best farming practice".
Palaycheck is a Rice Integrated Crop Management (RICM) System. RICM recognizes that rice growing is a production system consisting of a range of factors that are interdependent and interrelated in their impact on the growth, yield, and rice grain quality and on the sustainability of the environment. It dictates that technology recommendations for yield improvement be developed and transferred to farmers as a holistic and integrated package and not by components such as integrated nutrient management (INM) or integrated pest management (IPM).
It covers the principal areas of crop management such as seed quality, land preparation, crop establishment, nutrient management, water management, pest management and harvest management.
Steps in using the PalayCheck System
1. Manage the rice crop using the key Checks
* Crop Management Area. For example, in Seed Quality, the Key Check is "Used certified seeds of a recommended variety".
* Assessment of Key Check. This is the indicator or method to determine if the Key Check has been achieved. For example, the seed of an improved rice variety is certified by the NSQCS as evidence by a tag on the sack. If achieved, it is given a check (Ö). If not achieved, it is given an (X).
* Importance. This indicates why the key Check is so important in achieving the field output or growth and yield output of the crop. For example, certified seed is pure, clean, full and uniform in size, and has a minimum germination rate of 85%.
* Recommendation to achieve Key Check. The practices that are required to achieve the Key Check as well as other associated practices needed to manage the crop are described. For example, choose a variety with high yield potential and market demand, and tested in technology demonstration or adaptability trial. The recommended practices are the inputs, the Key Checks are the outputs.
2. Observe, measure, and record crop growth and management performance.
* Encourage and guide farmers in observing the rice crop regularly and taking a close look at it by walking through the plots, and not observing from afar.
* When walking through the plots, show them how to crop growth and management performance. Use a ruler, count, or weigh. Do not guess.
* Record the measurements. Recording is an important part of using PalayCheck to ensure that the information is available for later use. Use the forms provided to you or a field notebook. Do not rely on your memory, write down notes.
3. Compare and interpret results to identify problem areas
* Guide farmers in interpreting and analyzing the relationships among management practices, measurements, and yield results to identify those areas that may have limited yield and can be improved upon. Ask them how they achieved their yield.
4. Take action to correct management problem next season.
* Help farmers improve their crop management to overcome poor results, or repeat management that resulted in good yield. Learn from your experiences.
THE EIGHT (8) KEYCHECKS
Key Check 1. SEED QUALITY. Used certified seeds of a recommendation variety.
Key Check 2. LAND PREPARATION. No high and low soil spots after final levelling.
Key Check No. 3. CROP ESTABLISHMENT. Practiced synchronous planting after fallow period.
Key Check No. 4. CROP ESTABLISHMENT. Sufficient number of heathy seedlings
Key Check No. 5 NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT . Sufficient nutrients at tillering to early panicle initiation, and flowering
Key Check No. 6. WATER MANAGEMENT . Avoided excessive water or prought stress that could affect the growth and yield of the crop
Key Check No. 7. PEST MANAGEMENT. No significant yield loss due to pests
Key Check No. 8. HARVEST MANAGEMENT. Cut and threshed the crop at right time