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Vegetable Production under Sorjan Cropping System
FFARMS adopted Sorjan cropping system for vegetable production. It would ensure farmers regular income and production.
What is a Sorjan cropping system?
The Sorjan system was developed by farmers in Indonesia. It is devoting low-lying areas of the farm to rice and plant the upper areas with dry land crops. The rice crop can take advantage of the higherwater table in the lower areas and can utilize runoff from the upper areas.
Sorjan is the construction of series of sinks or a canal alternates with raised beds. Rice is usually planted in the sinks and a wide variety of lowland and upland crops are grown in the raised beds. It is a viable component of diversified and integrated rice farming system.
What are the benefits?
- Intensive Land Use and Simultaneous Production
- Crop Diversification
Intensive Land Use and Increased Production
Production increases in Sorjan because water is used efficiently and weeds are controlled easily. The water collects and stays in the sinks where it is needed the most. The standing water aids the vegetables growth and keeps weeds populations to a minimum Growing of high-value, off-season crops· Simultaneous growing of a wide variety of lowland and upland crops assures farmers a good harvest from at least one of the farm income, reduces the degree of deterioration of fertility and improves daily cash flows in the family income.
FFARMS constructed a double raised bed. The construction of beds was done shoveling the soil to form the beds. In a 750 square meter area you can construct 4 sinks and 5 raised beds. In the 750 square meters paddy area in FFARMS produced 250 square meters raised beds or 33 percent of the land area. Raised beds are used for growing upland and other cash crops like okra, sorghum, corn and legumes Sinks or the paddy parts are usually for rice production and can also be planted with gabi, kangkong and azolla.