The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)

THE REGION

  • Geographic location - The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) is bounded on the north by the province of Cagayan, on the west by Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur, on the east by Isabela and in the south by the province of Pangasinan and Nueva Vizcaya.

The region is politically subdivided into six (6) provinces and two cities, namely Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mt. Province, and Baguio City.
The creation of the Cordillera Administrative Region was provided for by Executive Order 220, signed into law by Pres. Corazon C. Aquino on July 15, 1987.

  • Land Area (NSO, 1990) - the region has a total land area of 1,829,370 ha. or 13% of the total area of Luzon Island.
  • Composition (DA, NSO, 1990)

Provinces
Land Area
City
No. of Municipalities
No. of Brgys.

Abra
397,555
 
27
302

Apayao
392,790
 
7
128

Benguet
265,538
1
13
266

Ifugao
251,778
 
11
154

Kalinga
311,974
1
7
126

Mt. Province
209,735
 
10
141

Total
1,829,370
2
76
1,117

  • Regional Capital - Baguio City
  • Population as of May 1, 2000: the CAR  region has a total population of 1,365,412 (census 2000). The annual population growth rate is 1.82 percent. It is the smallest region in  terms of population size among the 16 regions of the country.
  • General Land use (BSWM, 1993) - the region is dominantly occupied by grassland and shrub as shown below with about 11.00% are occupied various agricultural crops.

 

Particular
Area (ha.)
Percentage

Agricultural area
201,154
11.00

Grassland/shrub land area
832,697
45.52

Woodland areas
751,997
41.11

Miscellaneous
43,520
2.38

  •  The region still has 137,203 hectares as agricultural expansion area or 7.5% of the total alnd area of CAR.
  • Major Commodities and productivity: CAR is extensively grown to rice, vegetables, corn, coffee, rootcrops, etc... Also a significant area is utilized as posture area.  The physical extent of the dominant agricultural uses are as follows:

Rank
Agricultural Land uses
Physical area

1
Rice
142,217

 
Paddy rice irrigated
72,268

 
Paddy rice non-irrigated
24,087

 
Rice terrace irrigated
43,925

 
Rice terrace non irrigated
1,848

 
Upland rice
89

2
Vegetables
22,601

 
Vegetable terrace
19,863

 
Vegetable non-terrace
2,738

3
Corn
20,143

4
Coffee
5,914

5
Pasture
6,219

6
Banana
2,860

  • Agro-climate (BSWM, 1993): The region is dominantly within the moist Agro-climate zone (74.97%) characterized by an average annual rainfall of 500-2500 mm and a growing period of 210-270 days.  About 25.03% of the region is within the wet Agro-climate zone. The region has a favorable rainfall accumulation with substantial areas classified into type I and II.
  • Erosion: About 21.37% of the regional area is subjected to severe erosion and predominantly observed in the provinces of Ifugao and Mt. Province. Another 38.41% is sufferings for moderate erosion particularly noted in Apayao, Kalinga and Mt. Province.
  • Typhoon: Northern portion of CAR experience as average of 5 cyclones in 2 years while the central and southern part experiences an average of 2 cyclones per year.
  • Soil fertility: Soils of the region is characterized by light medium and heavy soils. Soils used for rice production include the San Manuel Silt Loan, Uminga clay and Toran clay.

LAND PRODUCTIVITY ASSESSMENT

Suitable Commodities: The region has a comparative advantage to the following high value commercial commodities that deserve priority development in the different provinces.

  • Abra : Coffee, tomato, sub-tropical vegetables, passion fruit, white potato and mango
  • Apayao:  Coffee, tomato, sub-tropical vegetables, white potato and passion fruit
  • Benguet: Coffee, tomato, sub-tropical vegetables, sweet potato, cutflowers, asparagus, strawberry, passion fruit and white potato.
  • Ifugao: Coffee, tomato, sub-tropical vegetables, passion fruits and white potato.
  • Kalinga: Coffee, tomato, sub-tropical vegetables, white potato and passion fruit
  • Mt. Province: Coffee, tomato, sub-tropical vegetables, passion fruits and white potato.

Other high value commodities that have potential in the region include citrus, garlic, cucumber, cutflower and others.
Based on suitability classification, the extent of highly suitable area to various commodity groupings are as follows:

Group
Commodities
Extent (ha)
%

1
Paddy rice irrigated, paddy rice non-irrigated, rice terrace irrigated, rice-terrace non-irrigated
30,265
1.65

2
Upland rice, corn, sorghum, pineapple, ramie, sugarcane, soy bean, mungo, string beans, peanut, upo, batao, melon, asparagus, tomato, squash, mushroom, etc.
83,447
4.56

3
Baguio beans, cabbage, white irish potato, carrots, lettuce, cowpea, swetpeas, sweet pepper, spinach, cutflower, strawberry, cauliflower, raddish, celery, etc.
6,280
0.34

4
Ginger, garlic, onion, cucumber, etc.
83,447
4.56

5
Cotton, tobaco
83,447
4.56

6
coconut, oil palm, banana, abaca, coffee, etc.
85,867
4.69

7
Mango, cashew, papaya, santol, tamarind, atis, jackfruit, guava, citrus, guyabano, chico, etc.
106,784
5.84

8
Durian, marang, lanzones, rambutan, avocado, rubbu, etc.
2,420
0.13

9
Bamboo, ipil, ipil, paragrass, pestura, etc.
162,183
8.86

10
Coffee, tea, black pepper, etc.
6,280
0.34

11
Fishpond
70,267
3.83