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About Region 4a, The CaLaBaRzon Region

 

Cavite

     It lies along the sourthern shore of Manila Bay, bounded on the north by Manila Bay and Metro Manila, on the east by Laguna, on the west by the West Philippine Sea and on the south by Batangas. It has a land area of 128,755 hectares and a population of 1,150,103 as of 1990. It is comprised of six (6) cities and seventeen (17) municipalities.        

      The portion of the province bordering Manila bay consist of lowlands or flat-lying areas. The central portions are characterized by rolling and undulating lands while the rest are upland or hilly and mountainous areas. It has two pronounced seasons: relatively dry from November to April and wet from May to October. It is predominantly an agriculture province and its major crops include rice, vegetables, fruits, rootcrops, coffee, coconut and sugarcane. It is endowed with rich offshore and coastal fishing grounds and fishing is a major source of livelihood in the coastal towns. Many industrial establishments are now operational and more industrial estates have been or are being developed in various parts.
 

Laguna

     It is located some 30 kilometers south of Manila. It is bounded on the north by Rizal, on the east and south by Quezon and on the west by Cavite and Batangas. It has a land area of 17,597 square kilometers with a population of 1,500,000. It is comprised of one city and 29 municipalities.        

      . Narrow plains can be found along the shores of Laguna de Bay but mountainous towards Sierra Madre in the east, Mt. Makiling in the west and Mt. Banahaw in the south. It has no distinct seasons. Its climate varies in different areas, cool in the mountainous parts while the plains are somewhat warmer. Agriculture and fishery are the main industries that contribute a great part of the provincial economy. The crops produced are rice, sugarcane and fruits, specifically citrus and lanzones. It is the second largest producer of coconut in the country. It is also noted for its woodcarvings, paper-mache figures, barong materials and linen.
 

Batangas

     It is located southwest of Luzon, flanked on the north by Cavite, on the south by the Verde Island Passage which separates the province from the northern tip of Mindoro. It has a land area of 3,165.8 square kilometers and a population of 1,700,000. It is comprised of three cities and 32 municipalities.        

      . About half of the province’s terrain is generally rolling, while the rest is mountainous and hilly. The irregular coastline is dotted with coves, peninsulas and bays. It has two distinct seasons: dry from November to April and wet the rest of the year. Agriculture is the main economic activity and the major crops are palay, sugarcane, coconut and coffee. Its forest area i

s 113,526 hectares with 35.86% considered productive. Its total forest reserve is 1,998 hectares, the largest of which is found in Mt. Malarayat. Metallic and non-metallic deposit such as limestone, gypsum, clay, bauxite, copper and gold are also considerably abundant here. It is a major supplier of cattle to Metro Manila and the main sources of fish for the province are Taal Lake and the nearby coast.

 

Rizal

     It lies immediately east of Metro Manila. It is bounded on the north by Bulacan, on he east by Laguna and Batangas and on the south by Laguna de Bay. It has a total land area of 1,303.8 square kilometers and a population of 975,850. It is comprised of 15 municipalities.       

      Its topography is characterized by a combination. The flat low-lying areas are located on the western while the gently rolling hills and a few rugged ridges in the eastern portion. It has two pronounced seasons: relatively dry wet during the rest of the year. The mountainous portion has evenly distributed rainfall throughout the year. It has a highly industrialized economy and there were 187 industries as of 1990. The top industry garment production, followed by trading and service-oriented businesses. Agriculture is less intense compared with other provinces in the region. The major crops are rice and fruit trees, specifically mango, citrus, coffee, cacao and cashew. Eight towns lie along the northern coast of Laguna de Bay and depend on the lake for livelihood, including tilapia- and duck-raising.
 

Quezon

     It is the second largest in size in Southern Tagalog and the sixth largest province in the Philippines. It has boundaries extending as far as Aurora in the north and Camarines Sur in the south. It is bounded on the north by Aurora, on the west by Laguna and Rizal, southwest by Batangas and southeast by Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur. It has a land area of 870,660 hectares. It is comprised of 40 municipalities which is divided into four political districts and one urbanized city. It has 1,242 barangays with Lopez having the most number of barangays at 95 and Patnanungan with only six.       

      The Sierra Madre runs along the entire length of the province with Mount Banahaw, an active volcano, which is about 7,382 feet above sea level as the most prominent peak of the range. It has three types of climate. The eastern portion of the Sierra Madre has no dry season and a very pronounced rain period from November to January. The southern part is relatively dry from November to April and wet the rest of the year. The rest of the province has more or less evenly distributed rainfall throughout the year. It is the country’s leading coconut producer. Other major crops are rice, corn, banana and coffee. Although it has vast forest lands, timber and other forest products are now only in very small quantities. Fishing is a year-round activity because of rich fishing grounds especially in the many bays.